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墨西哥Malinalco住宅Malinalco House/Grupo De Diseño Urbano

RESIDENTIAL DESIGN HONOR AWARD

Malinalco House, Malinalco, State of Mexico, Mexico

Mario Schjetnan/Grupo de Diseno Urbano, Mexico City, Mexico

client: Irma Romero  

"Eloquently captures the colors, textures, and culture of Mexico. Wonderfully contemporary; the lush plants make it organic and so inviting."— 2007 Professional Awards Jury Comments

项目介绍:自1985年建成伊始,Casa Malinalco就成为设计者的代表作品,并且仍然是他最具有说服力的融合建筑、地形、气候以及文化历史等因素的作品之一。Malinalco是一个具有小房屋和狭窄街道的村庄,地处距墨西哥城110公里的亚热带河谷中。村庄仍然是农业为主,它被划分为8个区域并且每一个区域都拥有一个16或17世纪时期的小教堂。

评委会评语:意味深长地捕捉墨西哥的色彩、质感与文化。完美的现代感,茂密的植物使它生机勃勃并展现魅力。

Project Statement

Built since 1985 as a weekend house, Casa Malinalco is one of the designer’s first and still one of his most convincing mediations between architecture, topography, climate, and cultural history. Malinalco is a village of small houses and narrow streets in a subtropical valley 110 kilometers southwest of Mexico City. Still largely agricultural, it is divided into eight barrios each with a small colonial church dating from the 16th or 17th centuries.

The L-shaped house was built on the gently-sloping, 1,100-square-meter site of an old orchard. The living room, dining room, and kitchen are aligned along one axis, with the bedrooms along the other, creating something akin to a traditional cloistered courtyard. Taking advantage of the moderate climate and establishing strong links with the landscape, the common rooms are designed as a covered terrace entirely open to the courtyard on one side. On the other, shuttered windows overlook a second garden. Each bedroom also has its own private patio in the back; still more outdoor space is available on the flat roof.

Heavily planted along its perimeters, the courtyard is paved at its center with long, narrow cobblestones that create a geometric pattern. This patio is crossed by a small rill connecting a stone basin with a square reflecting pool adjacent to the living room. A bold pink wall faces one side of the garden; the color was selected by Luis Barragan, who felt it was necesary to set off the muted colors of the landscape. Below the house are the overgrown but still productive remnants of the orchard, including coffee, banana, mango, and citrus trees. Farther down the slope are surviving agricultural buildings and a new guest cabana.

In a climate that includes rainy and dry seasons, the landscape is designed to minimize both runoff and irrigation. Cobbled pavers allow percolation of storm water; runoff passes through the orchard to an absorption well near the cabana. Grey water from the house is recycled into the orchard through a sand filter.

With its simple lines, spare detailing, and Barragan colors, but with a plan suggestive of Spanish or Moorish cloister gardens, Malinalco House is an eloquent combination of modern and traditional design, at once urbane and respectful of its village setting.

Project Resources

Landscape Architecture: 

Mario Schjetnan, FASLA

Architecture: 

Mario Schjetnan, Director

Jorge Calvillo, Collaborator 

Jose Luis Perez, Collaborator 

Jose Luis Gomez Hidalgo, Collaborator  

Construction Supervision: 

Jorge Calvillo


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