太平洋坎纳公寓Pacific Cannery Lofts/Miller Company Landscape Architects
Pacific Cannery Lofts
Oakland, CA USA
Miller Company Landscape Architects, San Francisco USA
Client: Holliday Development
Pacific Cannery Lofts is a slice of West Oakland's storied history reborn as an assemblage of urban dwellings, gardens, and industrial relics. Long a vacant shell set in a mixed residential/industrial neighborhood, the early 20th century cannery was adapted to provide transit-oriented housing, serving both Oakland and San Francisco. The Green Point Rated project features enlivened public streetscapes, four courtyard "social" gardens highlighting recycled materials, historic relics, and rainwater catchment systems.
“A multifamily development and social setting with a unique solution. The adaptive reuse of the facility, the artful water design, the nightscape all on a tight urban form gave it a lot of positive points. ”—2010 Professional Awards Jury
在楼间绿地的处理时，对居民的隐私进行了保护。空间处理得周到细致，三个葱葱郁郁的空间还栽培了可以食用的植物。中央走道串起各组空间，并离开建筑一段距离，为进入建筑的私人花园留出空间，并保护用户隐私。食用植物的栽培，会突出人们对大自然的风雨的关注以及运用。每一个庭院的设计和材料都是有所区别的，为人们提供丰富多彩的体验。在餐厅庭院可以在凉棚下享受荫凉，座椅也是定制的，非常舒适。棕榈延伸进楼宇空处，石板路引导人们前行，雨水从屋顶收集进卵石槽，在通过玻璃槽流至到附近河流的补给含水层中。晚上玻璃槽被照亮，非常漂亮。起居室庭院的重点是明亮的色调还有定制的矮桌，以及非常适合交谈还有休息的U型椅子，灌木，蕨类植物，棕榈树，创造出了葱郁的热带效果。在 Lew Hing 院子，木桥“漂浮”在耐荫的花草上面。瘦高的石灰岩醒目的点缀在浮桥两侧。
Project Location, Scope, and Size
Pacific Cannery Lofts brings 163 loft and townhouse units to a 2.7-acre site in Oakland's westernmost neighborhood. The location, a half-mile from Oakland's downtown, walking distance to the West Oakland BART station, immediately adjacent to major freeways, and minutes from the Bay Bridge, is a critically valuable site for increasing the stock of transit-oriented housing in the San Francisco Bay Area. Landscape plans include an entry plaza and streetscape along the public frontage, three social courtyard gardens designed within the preserved frame of the old cannery, and a fourth garden court grove of edible plants sited between the cannery building and a newly constructed row of townhouses. The landscape architect provided both landscape design, landscape contracting, and custom fabrication services for the project, allowing for an ability to maintain design intent while responding to developing ideas and field conditions. The landscape architect identified, refurbished and sited historic relics as sculptural elements throughout the project, reflecting the local labor past.
Site and Context
Since its heyday as a working neighborhood of Victorian bungalows built to house the dockworkers, Pullman Porters, and warehouse workers of the early 20th century, the West Oakland neighborhood had lost vitality as these industries moved on. The abandoned hulks of warehouses and the crumbling Beaux-Arts style Central Train Station cast a neglected atmosphere on the community for decades. A maze of raised freeways, frontage roads, and rail lines to the west of the site create a noisy din.
Pacific Cannery Lofts is part of a vision to develop nearly 30 acres of brownfield land into the new "Central Station" neighborhood. The larger neighborhood project brings together a number of developers to build over 1,000 new housing units, parks, improved streets, commercial spaces, and an urban farm around the renovated Central Train Station, to be restored for use as a public amenity. Neighborhood residents were invited to a series of community meetings early in the process to offer input regarding the direction of the larger plan. The landscape architect has played a leading role in this process, providing landscape plans that span several residential projects, connected via pedestrian routes, designing pocket parks, and creating a unifying streetscape to characterize the Central Station project.
Design Program and Intent
The landscape design of Pacific Cannery Lofts arose from three primary objectives: contributing aesthetically and socially valuable spaces to the community, creating an oasis for the residents from the intensely urban surroundings, and evoking a sense of the cultural and sociopolitical history of West Oakland.
Two major design strategies in the project reflect the intention to relate spatially and socially to the existing neighborhood. The first was to visually extend the two streets that terminate into the project in order to give a sense of the urban grid moving through the project, avoiding a cloistered, private effect. The streets become pedestrian lanes on site, maintaining long views to the city and shipyard beyond. The second strategy was in the handling of the streetscape; at grade, unit entries line every public face of the project, relating to the streets as the existing neighborhood houses do. Unit entries are marked with tough, drought-tolerant plantings, suited to the exposed location. A large street-side plaza marks the project entry with tall palms set on a mound of grasses. More grasses fan out along the streetscape, punctuated by street trees, characterizing the project with a clean rhythm and waving in the winds that sweep over the flat site.
Creating a sense of retreat and privacy for residents was approached with thoughtful organization of space, and rich detail in three lushly planted courtyards and a linear grove court featuring edible trees and plants. Central walkways focus circulation to the middle of the spaces, leaving room adjacent to the buildings for individual entry garden zones and privacy plantings designed to screen private unit patio areas. Incorporating edible plants and highlighting natural wind and stormwater events in the gardens tempers the heavily built atmosphere of the site.
Distinct program and materials characterize the courtyards and provide a variety of experiences: The Dining Room Courtyard features a custom concrete table and wood benches under a steel arbor for enjoying a communal outdoor meal. A line of palm trees reaches to the upper floor units and echo those on the entry mound, visible through the glass entry gate. Flagstone paths lead to individual unit entries, furnished with a dual-purpose bench and aqueduct. Rainwater from the roof, deposited to the pebble-filled aqueduct, spills into the two recycled tumbled glass infiltration 'rivers' adjacent to the main walkway and recharges the local aquifer. Underlighting at night illuminates the glass channel and marks the path.
The Living Room Courtyard focuses on a pair of brightly hued custom concrete banquettes and low tables flanking the central walkway. The tandem U-shaped seating design invites conversation and provides respite. Fragrant Angel's trumpet shrubs, tree ferns and palms create a lushly tropical effect with low-water use understory plants.
The Lew Hing Garden Court, named after the cannery's original owner, features a raised boardwalk floating above a stylized "nature" of shade-tolerant grasses and flowering plants. Vertical limestone monoliths punctuate boardwalk spurs to unit entries.
The Grove Garden flanks a pathway of permeable golden decomposed granite. Planted with bananas, citrus trees, huckleberry and a layered understory of shrubs and ground covers, the grove is a delightfully abundant, textured landscape. Galvanized stock tanks filled with bamboo create a living screen between private patios on the old loading dock.
Materials and Installation
The landscape architect mined elements from the cannery structure including abandoned machinery for repurposing in the context of the new gardens. The relics are distinct to West Oakland's century-old labor history and include cast-iron machine wheels, engines, gears, switchboards, and industrial scales which are mounted throughout the development. The recycled tumbled glass riverbed in the Dining Room Court, and stone columns in the Lew Hing Garden add to the historic character. Hand crafted site furnishings made from FSC-certified wood, concrete, steel, and glass were designed by the landscape architect and crafted by our in-house installation team.